Diabetic retinopathy is the second cause of blindness in Western societies.
It occurs in people suffering from diabetes. The more years someone suffers from diabetes, the greater the chances of suffering from diabetic retinopathy. Within the first decade of the onset of diabetic retinopathy, about 5% of patients lose their vision, while 33% notice a significant loss of visual acuity.
High sugar levels cause damage to all the vessels of the body and therefore the vessels of the retina are also affected, thus creating two complications: • Leakage of fluid and blood from the vessels inside the retina. • At the same time, vessels are automatically occluded, depriving the retina of oxygen and nutrients.
There are two types of diabetic retinopathy, the non-proliferative and the proliferative.
• Non-proliferative retinopathy is divided into mild, moderate severity, but also severe, depending on the stage of its progression. Vision in the early stages remains good, while at an advanced stage the pathological leakage of the vessels leads to swelling in the macula and a large decrease in vision.
• In proliferative retinopathy, due to poor blood circulation and consequently low oxygenation, new pathologically fragile vessels develop inside the vitreous body and bleed within the vitreous cavity. If they are not treated in time, even the detachment of the retina and the appearance of glaucoma are possible, resulting in vision being completely lost.
Diabetic retinopathy is not cured, but it is treated at the same time and at the same time by the ophthalmologist and the special Optometrist. The ophthalmologist will choose the treatment to be followed by the patient and the special Optometrist will restore the visual distress that has arisen from diabetic retinopathy. 80% of people with diabetic retinopathy can improve their vision by 2/10-3/10 with the systematic use of special glasses manufactured in the USA, by the laboratories that supply NASA with hypersensitive optical instruments.
These revolutionary glasses are administered exclusively by the optometrist specialized in low vision after a thorough examination and evaluation of the patient’s visual capabilities.
When vision improves, the patient can cope again with daily activities, such as reading, working, watching TV, recognizing characteristics, etc.